A deep veinthrombosis(DVT) is a blood clot within a deep vein. A clot inside a blood vessel is called thrombosis. DVT predominantly develops within the legs and may not be accompanied by any symptoms. Thenon-specificsymptoms of DVT include pain, swelling, redness, warmness, and engorged superficial veins(‘spider veins’)in the leg. DVT may go away naturally, but serious complications can develop when athrombosisdislodges and travels to the lungs to become a life-threatening pulmonary embolism. DVT and PE are the two manifestations of the disease venous thromboembolism. A late complication of DVT is a post-thrombotic syndrome, which can manifest itself as edema, pain or discomfort, and skin problems.
In addition to anticoagulation treatment, graduated compression socks or stockings, that apply firm pressure at the ankles and graduate to a lower pressure towards the knees, are recommended for those at risk of developing, showing symptoms of, or diagnosed with DVT.
Factors related to DVT: Besides inherited attributes, there are many other factors that exacerbate the development of DVT:
Major surgery and orthopedic surgery, cancers
Pregnancy and the postpartum period
Hormonal replacement therapy
Central venous catheters
Some autoimmune diseases
Immobilization: e.g. sitting for long periods, e.g. when traveling by air, constrained by orthopedic casts
How to reduce the risk of travel-related DVT:
Regular exercise and movement of your legs, feet, and toes while you are sitting in a static position.
Regular massage of leg (and other) muscles.
Wear graduated compression socks/stockings and comfortable clothing.
Drink plenty of water to keep hydrated.
Please note: The information provided here is for general information only and is not intended to act as medical advice. We advise anyone interested in this subject to seek qualified, professional advice.