Compression wear is known for its stretchy, tight-fitting material. But what is compression clothing made of, exactly?
What is Compression Clothing Made Of — Fibres Used
Let’s start by asking, what does compression wear do? At the core, it improves blood circulation, and better circulation of oxygenated blood brings a myriad of health benefits to the body. But what allows compression clothing to compress effectively and provide these benefits?
Compression wear is a blend of different textiles, created to be fitting enough to support the body and cut down on recovery times without sacrificing the wearer's total comfort and appearance. Individual fibres and fibre blends used in compression wear varies from style-to-style, as they each have their own benefits. Some of the most common fibres are:
Nylon is a synthetic and non-stretching thermoplastic polymer with a smooth and silky feel — and is one of the main elements in compression gear. It's a sturdy, lightweight and easy-to-wash material that resists shrinkage. It’s because nylon improves the garment's functionality that it comprises the majority of the fabric used.
If nylon gives the garment functionality, the lightweight, synthetic fabric Lycra provides the elasticity for compression clothing. Also called spandex, Lycra is one of the most stretchable materials available. Because of its durability and expansiveness, it's commonly used in sportswear and is a major component of compression clothing as the spandex enables the socks to stretch to fit over the legs and then compress to apply firm pressure for a perfect fit.
While nylon and Lycra primarily make up the composition of compression fabric, some pieces also have cotton woven into them for breathability, wicking moisture away from the body. Cotton also has a soft and luxurious feel that offers overall comfort.
Widely considered as an environmentally conscious fabric, Modal adds durability and flexibility to compression wear. Modal fibre feels like a touch of luxury with it’s naturally soft and smooth texture and superior moisture wicking properties.
Some of the other fabrics that may be found in compression wear are Tencel, Polyester, Acrylic and Coolmax.
Weaving Fibres to Create Compression Fabric
A combination of the various types of materials is what comprises the durable, lightweight and comfortable compression fabrics we know.
And while nylon can often make up 70% of the fabric and Lycra at 15-20% to create a flexible garment that doesn't stretch out of shape, there isn't a standard ratio, and the blend of each fibre varies between each style of compression sock. These fibres are selected and crafted based on the requirements of the piece.
Depending on the style and purpose of the compression wear you choose, there can be various added design features - achieved by blending fabrics at different compositions, and using various manufacturing techniques - some of which include:
- breathable mesh
- arch support
- wide cuffs
- added padding
- shock support
Quality Compression Fabric at TXG Socks
At TXG Socks, we only use the highest quality fibres that come from sustainable and environmentally friendly manufacturers. Some of our trusted fabrics are Lycra, Protimo, Aquatimo, Coolmax, Tencel, Modal, Supima Cotton, Bamboo Charcoal, Acrylic and Micro Nylon.
Aside from fabric composition and materials used, there are a lot of other factors to consider when manufacturing compression wear, especially when it comes to health benefits. TXG Socks follows a complex and strict manufacturing process in consultation with medical professionals to ensure we provide medical-grade highest quality compression wear. Part of this process is testing, and TXG uses internationally recognised testing equipment, ensuring a quality product, every time. For more information on our products or processes, get in touch with us today.
Please note: The information provided here is for general information only and is not intended to act as medical advice. We advise anyone interested in this subject to seek qualified, professional advice.